Monday, 13 November 2017

Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic

The Sahrawi Republic, officially the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR; Spanish: República Árabe Saharaui Democrática; Arabic: الجمهورية العربية الصحراوية الديمقراطية‎‎ al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah aṣ-Ṣaḥrāwīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah), is a partially recognized state that controls a thin strip of area in the Western Sahara region and claims sovereignty over the entire territory of Western Sahara, a former Spanish colony. SADR was proclaimed by the Polisario Front on February 27, 1976, in Bir Lehlou, Western Sahara, a former communist liberation force (modeled after that of Cuba) which has since reformed its ideological and political views.
The SADR government controls about 20–25% of the territory it claims. It calls the territories under its control the Liberated Territories or the Free Zone. Morocco controls and administers the rest of the disputed territory and calls these lands its Southern Provinces. The SADR government considers the Moroccan-held territory to be occupied territory, while Morocco considers the much smaller SADR-held territory to be a buffer zone.The claimed capital of the SADR is El-Aaiún, while the temporary capital has been moved from Bir Lehlou to Tifariti.
The Sahrawi Republic maintains diplomatic relations with 40 UN states, and is a full member of the African Union.
The SADR acted as a government administration in the Sahrawi refugee camps located in the Tindouf Province of western Algeria. It is headquartered in Camp Rabouni, south of Tindouf, although some official events have taken place in towns in the Free Zone, including the provisional capitals, first Bir Lehlou until 2008, then Tifariti. The government of the SADR claims sovereignty over all of the Western Sahara territory, but has control only within the Free Zone. Several foreign aid agencies, including the UN High Commission for Refugees, and nongovernmental organizations are continually active in the camps.
After a long waiting my first airmail covers from Western Sahara arrived in perfect condition. The cover posted by Brahim who is my friend live in Morocco, frequently travel to Layyoune, the capital city of Western Sahara. He posted my envelopes on October 23, 2017 and I received in my hands on November 13, 2017. He specially requested to the post office staff to send as registered with clear postmark, but the clerk forgot the request. On the left sided first stamp you can see the map of Morocco which includes Western Sahara too.Western Sahara not issued stamps officially, so the stamps we see in the market in the name as "Sahara OCC", SADR, Sahrawi, Western Sahara " are fake and cannot use on envelopes. So It is important to get clear postmark shows the city name 'Layyoune' to prove that the cover posted from Western Sahara. Thank You very much Brahim for the great help!

These two are another envelopes posted from Western Sahara by Brahim, but from different post office in Layyoune. It is posted from the post office called Al Makka, but the postmark is very poor, the postal clerk not listened the request of Brahim to put clear postmark and send as registered. He posted the envelopes on same day, I received in my hands on November 13, 2017. On the right corner stamp you can see the map of Morocco which includes Western Sahara too. Thank You Brahim for the great help !

BASHKORTOSTAN - Республика Башкортостан

The Republic of Bashkortostan (Bashkir: Башҡортостан Республикаһы, Başqortostan Respublikahı; Russian: Респу́блика Башкортоста́н, tr. Respublika Bashkortostan; IPA: [rʲɪsˈpublʲɪkə bəʂkərtɐˈstan]), also historic known as Bashkiria (Russian: Башки́рия, tr. Bashkiriya; IPA: [bɐʂˈkʲirʲɪjə]), is a federal subject of Russia (a republic (state)). It is located between the Volga River and the Ural Mountains. Its capital is the city of Ufa. With the population of 4,072,292 as of the 2010 Census, Bashkortostan is the most populous republic in Russia.
Bashkurdistan, the first ethnic autonomy in Russia, was established on November 28,  On March 20, 1919, it was transformed into the Bashkir ASSR, the first Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in RSFSR. In accordance with the Constitution of Bashkortostan and Russian Federation Constitution, Bashkortostan is a state (country), but has no sovereignty. On 11 October 1990 Bashkortostan adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty, but subsequently abandoned it. 11 October is Republic Day in Bashkortostan.

This is my first cover from Altai Republic. The covers posted on 24 October 2017 and I received on November 03, 2017. The postmark is perfect and you can see a stamp in the middle is written as 'Respublika Bashkortostan' . The particular stamp issued in 2000 as the part of 'Regions of Russia series. My good friend Svetlana sent  the cover from Ufa, the capital city of Bashkortostan. She specially requested to the postal staff for clear postmark. Thank You Svetlana for the perfect cover into my collection !

Monday, 30 October 2017

SOMALILAND - Republic of Somaliland / Jamhuriyadda Somaliland

Somaliland (Somali: Somaliland, Arabic: صوماليلاند‎‎ Ṣūmālīlānd, أرض الصومال Arḍ aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Republic of Somaliland (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland, Arabic: جمهورية صوماليلاند‎‎ Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd), is a self-declared state internationally recognised as an autonomous region of Somalia.
The government of the de facto state of Somaliland regards itself as the successor state to the former British Somaliland protectorate, which as the State of Somaliland united as scheduled on 1 July 1960 with the Trust Territory of Somaliland (the former Italian Somaliland) to form the Somali Republic.

Somaliland lies in northwestern Somalia, on the southern coast of the Gulf of Aden. It is bordered by the remainder of Somalia (per international recognition) to the east, Djibouti to the northwest, and Ethiopia to the south and west. Its claimed territory has an area of 137,600 square kilometres (53,100 sq mi), with approximately 4 million residents. The capital and the largest city is Hargeisa, with the population of around 1,500,000 residents.
When thinking about Somaliland postal service in 2017, there is no postal service or postal system. Even the stamps issued by Somalia in the past also not accepted for postmarking. There is a ministry for Posts and Telecommunications but ever taken effort to issue stamps or restore the postal service. there are some stamps like labels available, the public use them for paying taxes and fees.

 This is the cancellation what he got from Post and Telecommunication department. No date is mentioned.

My friend Caydaruus arranged these covers by getting cancellation from Posts and telecommunications department in Hargeisa, the capital city of Somaliland. I prepared envelopes with Old "Somaliland Protectorate" stamps issued in British Colonial time, and also Somalia stamps which are bought from Mogadishu by my friend David in 2016.
My friend planned to send a cover from Kenya with Somaliland 'stamps' , hope will reach in my hands. I sent and received the covers via DHL only, It serves via Kenya and Ethiopia.This cover sent via DHL on October 19,2017 and I received on October 24,2017. Old Somaliland Protectorate stamps or Somalia stamps are not valid in Somaliland, so they haven't put cancellation on them. Recently Somalia made agreement with Djibouti regarding international mail exchange, hope in future Somaliland also can start postal system with the cooperation of Somalia and Djibouti.

Tuesday, 17 October 2017

AMERICAN SAMOA - Teritori o Amerika Sāmoa

American Samoa (Samoan: Amerika Sāmoa, also Amelika Sāmoaor Sāmoa Amelika) is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa.
American Samoa consists of five main islands and two coral atolls. The largest and most populous island is Tutuila, with the Manuʻa Islands, Rose Atoll, and Swains Island also included in the territory. American Samoa is part of the Samoan Islands chain, located west of the Cook Islands, north of Tonga, and some 300 miles (500 km) south of Tokelau. To the west are the islands of the Wallis and Futuna group. 
In July 1997 the Constitution was amended to change the country's name from Western Samoa to Samoa (officially the "Independent State of Samoa") Western Samoa had been known simply as Samoa in the United Nations since joining the organization in 1976. The neighboring U.S. territory of American Samoa protested the move, feeling that the change diminished its own Samoan identity. American Samoans still use the terms Western Samoa and Western Samoans.

Getting envelopes from American Samoa is not very rare , but I failed three times by sending my envelops for postmarking. I believe they lost in transit, this is the fourth time I tried, finally got back my envelopes with postmarks from Pago Pago.  All the letters from American Samoa transit through Honolulu sorting center, that is why there is an extra machine postmark of Honolulu can be seen on the top of the envelope. The covers posted on September 20, 2017 and I received them in my hand on October 14, 2017. Thank You very much the postmaster for the big help.

KARELIA - Republic of Karelia/ Республика Карелия

The Republic of Karelia (Russian: Респу́блика Каре́лия, tr. Respublika Kareliya; IPA: [rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə kɐˈrʲelʲɪ(j)ə]; Karelian: Karjalan tazavalda; Finnish: Karjalan tasavalta; Veps: Karjalan Tazovaldkund) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic), located in the northwest of Russia. Its capital is the city of Petrozavodsk.
The modern Karelian Republic was founded as an autonomous republic within the Russian SFSR by the Resolution of the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTsIK) of June 27, 1923 and by the Decree of the VTsIK and the Council of People's Commissars of July 25, 1923 from the Karelian Labor Commune.
From 1940 to 1956, it was known as the Karelo-Finnish Soviet Socialist Republic, one of the union republics in the Soviet Union. In 1956, it was once again an autonomous republic and remains as part of Russia after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
The republic is in the northwestern part of Russia, taking intervening position between the White and Baltic Seas. The White Sea has a shore line of 630 kilometers (390 mi). It has an area of 172,400 km2 (66,600 sq mi). It shares internal borders with Murmansk Oblast (north), Arkhangelsk Oblast (east/south east), Vologda Oblast (south east/south), and Leningrad Oblast (south/south west), and it also borders Finland; the borders measure 723 km. The main bodies of water next to Karelia are the White Sea (an inlet of the Barents Sea) to the north-east and Lake Onega and Lake Ladoga both shared with neighbouring Oblasts to the south. Its highest point is the Nuorunen peak at 576 m (1,890 ft).

These perfectly postmarked airmail covers posted from Petrozavodsk, the capital city of Karelia. The covers posted my Max, he is a philatelist too. The covers posted on July 19, 2017 and I received in my hands on October 15, 2017. Thank You Max for the great covers.